World Development Report 2018: Learning to Realize Education's Promise
Period: 1 Year
Author: World Bank
Every year, the World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) features a topic of central importance to global development. The 2018 WDR LEARNING to Realize Education's Promise is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the timing is excellent: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change. The best way to equip children and youth for the future is to place their learning at the center.
World Development Report 2018
Learning to Realize Education's Promise
Published ( 1 issue per year )
The World Development Report 2018 (WDR 2018)—LEARNING to Realize Education’s Promise—is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the timing is excellent: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change. The best way to equip children and youth for the future is to place their learning at the center. The 2018 WDR explores four main themes: 1) education’s promise; 2) the need to shine a light on learning; 3) how to make schools work for learners; and 4) how to make systems work for learning.
- Schooling is not the same as learning.
- Schooling without learning is not just a wasted opportunity, but a great injustice.
- There is nothing inevitable about low learning in low- and middle-income countries.
The Three Dimensions of the Learning Crisis
The crisis has three main dimensions:
- The first dimension of the crisis is the poor learning outcomes themselves.
- The second dimension of the learning crisis is its immediate causes:
- Children arrive unprepared to learn.
- Teachers often lack the skills or motivation to teach effectively.
- Inputs often fail to reach classrooms or to affect learning.
- Poor management and governance often undermine schooling quality.
- The third dimension of the crisis is its deeper systemic causes.
The Three Policy Actions to Address the Crisis
- Assess learning, to make it a serious goal.
- Act on evidence, to make schools work for learners.
- Align actors, to make the system work for learning.
Part I: Education’s promise
Chapter 1: Schooling, learning, and the promise of education
Part II: The learning crisis
Chapter 2: The great schooling expansion—and those it has left behind
Spotlight 1: The biology of learning
Chapter 3: The many faces of the learning crisis
Spotlight 2: Poverty hinders biological development and undermines learning
Chapter 4: To take learning seriously, start by measuring it
Spotlight 3: The multidimensionality of skills
Part III: Innovations and evidence for learning
Spotlight 4: Learning about learning
Chapter 5: There is no learning without prepared, motivated learners
Chapter 6: Teacher skills and motivation both matter (though many education systems act like they don’t)
Chapter 7: Everything else should strengthen the teacher-learner interaction
Chapter 8: Build on foundations by linking skills training to jobs
Spotlight 5: Technology is changing the world of work: What does that mean for learning?
Part IV: Making the system work for learning at scale
Chapter 9: Education systems are misaligned with learning
Spotlight 6: Spending more or spending better—or both?
Chapter 10: Unhealthy politics drives misalignments
Chapter 11: How to escape low-learning traps